Degree Type:Bachelor of Science
Department:Department of Biochemistry
4 years (Standard Entry)
Modes of Study:Regular
The minimum admission cut-off is 36 and 24 for WASSCE and SSSCE applicants respectively with passes (A1 – C6) (A – D) in Core English, Core Mathematics and Integrated Science or Social Studies. In addition, candidates must have obtained passes in three elective subjects preferably Biology, Chemistry, Physics and elective Mathematics with grades not lower than C6/D at the WASSCE/SSSCE levels respectively.
Opportunities abound for students who successfully graduate with this degree programme in areas of scientific research, as well as professional and technical occupations. Most biochemists are employed as researchers in universities, research institutes and large companies in sectors such as pharmaceuticals. Small companies also employ biochemists to provide specialist services, such as toxicological studies. Biochemistry graduates also go into other sectors, such as commercial and public sector management and business and finance professions.
You can also be employed as:
- Research Officers in Medical Laboratories
- Medical Lab assistant in hospitals
- Research officer with Pharmaceutical industry
- Plant Pathologist
- Nutritional Scientist
ASP A: African Studies (Core)
This comprises a variety of Courses mounted by the Center for African and International Studies. Each student gets to do one of these courses in the first semester and another one in the second semester of the first year.
BIO 101: Diversity of Living Organisms
Students are introduced to classification of living organisms and the morphological characteristics of the following kingdoms of organisms: Prokaryotae, Protoctista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia. The course also examines the life histories and adaptations of some selected members of the various kingdoms (e.g. Bacteria and Cyanobacteria, Protozoa) with particular emphasis on the Sporozoa, Zygomycota, Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, Chlorophyta, and Phaeophyta, Bryophyta, Lycophyta, Filinophyta, Gymnospermophyta, Angiospermophyta, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Arthropoda, Amphibia, Pisces, Reptilia, Aves, and Mammalia.
CHE 101A: Introduction to Physical / Inorganic Chemistry I
Atoms and atomic theory, chemical compounds, chemical reactions and stoichiometry, electrons in atom, periodic table and atomic properties, chemical bonding, empirical models and theory.
CHE 103: Introductory Practical Physical and Inorganic Chemistry
This course aims at helping students to develop requisite laboratory skills in General Chemistry laboratory work includes basic techniques of qualitative and quantitative measurements such as gravimetric, colorimetric, thermometric and selected volumetric methods of analysis. Practical exercises undertaken in this course include calibration of analytical balance and volumetric glassware (burette and pipette), conductivity and pH measurements, determination of molecular properties and solubility products, qualitative analysis of mixtures of two or more metallic salts, and thermochemistry.
CHE 105A: Introduction to Basic Organic Chemistry I
This course introduces students to the molecular composition of structure, purification of organic compounds, detection of elements like C, H, N, S and the halogens in organic compounds. It will cover topics such as calculation and determination of empirical and molecular formulae; structural and geometrical isomerism; pictorial treatment of sp, sp2, and sp3 hybridization in single, double and triple bonds in hydrocarbons.
CMS 107: Communicative Skills I
Engaging in academic work at the university is challenging. This course is aimed at equipping fresh students to make the transition from pre-university level to the university level. It assists them in engaging and succeeding in complex academic tasks in speaking, listening, reading and writing. It also provides an introduction to university studies by equipping students with skills that will help them to engage in academic discourse with confidence and fluency.
ILT 101: Information Literacy
The rationale of the course is to equip students with skills that will enable them access and retrieve information in the traditional, hybrid and digital libraries. Students will be able to use ICT efficiently and effectively when they have basic knowledge of computers. The course content include: Types of libraries, library resources and their uses, the role the library plays in the academic community, introduction to computers, the internet.
PHY 101: General Physics I (Theory)
This course is intended to introduce students to some of the fundamental concepts and principles underlying Physics so as to develop the scientific problem-solving skills and logical reasoning of students. The knowledge acquired is for later application in allied programmes like Nursing, Optometry, Computer, Science, Science Education and Laboratory Technology. The main topics treated include Physical quantities, vectors, Dynamics, Kinematics, Thermodynamics, Work, Energy and Power.
PHY 103: General Physics I (Practical)
This is the practical component of PHY 101, and is assessed separately. It is intended to make Physics as interesting and relevant as possible by investigating some practical applications of Physics. The main topics treated include Hooke’s Law, Surface Tension, Simple Harmonic Motion, Density Measurements, Calorimetry and Thermal expansion.
BIO 102: Basic Cytology and Genetics
The course provides an introduction to the various principles of genetics with a focus on the cytological basis. It covers cell structure, nuclear divisions, and chromosomal aberrations. Relevant cytological basis of Mendelian Genetics, Cytogenetics and Darwinian Evolution would be illustrated. The course also covers the DNA structure, the Genetic Codes based on the Central Dogma theory and the basis of Microbial genetics. The concepts of Recombinant DNA, Genetic engineering and Biotechnology would be discussed.
BIO 103: Data Collection and Analysis
The course introduces students to various methods of data collection, presentation, analysis and interpretation of scientific data. Data collection methods include experimentation, field surveys, and direct observations. Concept of statistics, importance and misuse of statistics, sampling and its importance, sampling methods (simple random, systematic and stratified sampling) will be considered. Various types of data presentation (bar graph, pie chart, histogram, line graph, polygons and tables) will be discussed. Other areas are scales of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio), measures of central tendency (mean, median, stem-and-leaf plot and box plots) and measures of dispersion (range, quartiles, inter-quartile range, percentiles, standard deviation, standard error, coefficient of variation).
CHE 101C: Introduction to Physical/Inorganic Chemistry II
This course gives a further insight into the concepts in Physical Chemistry. It deals with chemical bonding, various theories of bonding, as well as, structure and shape, the gas laws, the ideal gas law, deviations from ideality and its application.
CHE 104: Introductory Practical Organic Chemistry
This course is an introductory Organic Laboratory Processes which seeks to enable students acquire basic laboratory skills for the techniques of crystallisation, melting and boiling point determination; simple, fractional and steam distillation; refluxing liquid-liquid extraction; paper, thin-layer and colour chromatography.
CHE 105B: Introduction to Basic Organic Chemistry II
This course is a continuation of CHE 105A. The basic ideas on nomenclature, structure, physical properties, synthesis and chemical properties of the aliphatic hydrocarbons (alkanes, alkenes, alkyes) will be treated. The course will also include the treatment of the structure of benzene including simple treatment of the concept of resonance and aromaticity, nomenclature of benzene and synthesis of simple derivatives of benzene with specific orientation, ortho-, para- and meta-directors.
CMS 108: Communicative Skills II
This is a follow-up course on the first semester one. It takes students through writing correct sentences, devoid of ambiguity, through the paragraph and its appropriate development to the fully-developed essay. The course also emphasizes the importance and the processes of editing written work.
LAR/LSS/LED: (Inter-Faculty Course)
This is a compulsory University course for all first year students of the University of Cape Coast. Can we have the specific description of this course?
PHY 102: General Physics II (Theory)
Topics to be treated for the course are; Introduction optics, waves, electricity and magnetism: reflection and refraction on plane surfaces; lens formulae, thin lens in contact, characteristics of wave motion, sound waves, resonance, static electricity; the coulomb ; electric potential, capacitors, current.
PHY 104: General Physics II(Practical)
This is the practical component of PHY102 and is designed to help students gain some hands-on experience with laboratory equipment as they perform experiments to enhance their understanding of some the theoretical concepts. Such experiments include the determination of the focal length of lenses and refractive index of glass block; investigation of Ohm’s law and determination of resistivity of materials.
BCH 201: General Biochemistry I
This course introduces students to the physical and chemical properties of biological compounds with emphasis on sugars, amino acids, fatty acids, nucleic acids, etc., as contribution towards the understanding of the structure and function of organisms, tissues and cells. Chemical principles of oxidation, reduction, dehydration, stereochemistry, epimerisation, amination, deamination, transamination, etc., will be used to explain the roles of the biological compounds in the physiological environment, Physical characterisation of the biological compounds including methods such as acid/base titration, colorimetry, turbidimetry, polarimetry, and polarography will be treated.
BCH 202: General Biochemistry II
The course covers the structural and functional characterisation of the major macromolecules of the cell with special emphasis on DNA and proteins (the Nucleic acids, DNA replication and transcription, and protein synthesis linked in a historical perspective). The classification, properties and application of enzymes and coenzymes, the effects of pH and temperature on enzyme-catalysed reactions are some of the highlights of this course. Regulation of enzyme activity by organics including recent developments in the tools and techniques of DNA and protein isolation and characterization will be demonstrated during practical sessions.
BCH 205: Introduction to Information Technology
This course introduces students to computers; internet applications; the WWW, telnet, FTP, hypertext, browsers and their configurations and the relevance of computer methods to data storage and retrieval. Students will learn the application of word processing, spread sheet, power point and the internet in data generation, storage and retrieval. The course will also involve the teaching of the fundamentals of programming HTML, XML, PHP and Visual Basics for both desktop and internet applications.
BCH 208: Nutrition
This course primarily deals with the human body and the associated systems involved in food delivery. The structure of the digestive system, in relation to its functions in digestion and absorption are key aspects of this course. Other focussed areas include blood physiology: blood and other fluid compartments of the body in relation to the transfer of nutrients and metabolites, pre-scientific ideas about foods, pioneers in nutrition, foods and food groups, nutrient contribution of foods, food habits and their influence on nutrition and ethnic diets. The nutritional requirements in pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescents and the aged, the relation between maternal diet and pregnancy outcomes, breastfeeding and nutrition of premature infants will also be discussed.
BCH 212: General Biochemistry Practical
Students will learn how to prepare and keep laboratory reports. They will also be exposed to techniques in aqueous and organic solution preparation of biological compounds, homogenisation, centrifugation, protein/DNA extraction, acid/base titrations, conductivity measurements, spectroscopy, chromatography, electrophoresis, and enzyme assays. Students will complete and submit their laboratory reports before they leave the laboratory in each practical session.
BIO 202: Cell and Tissue Organisation
This course introduces students to cell theory and the generalised structure of plants and animal cells and the functions of the organelles. Types, structures and functions of mammalian tissues will be treated. Students will be introduced to basic histological methods-temporary and permanent preparations. The use of microtome in cutting sections and staining procedure will be emphasized.
BIO 204: Morphology and Anatomy of Higher Plants
This course introduces students to the gross morphological characteristics of gymnosperms and angiosperms; both the vegetative and the reproductive plant body are discussed. Other aspects of the course include pollination mechanisms and agents; fruit and seed formation; meristematic primary and secondary growth and their ecological anatomy.
CHE 201: Main Group Chemistry
This course covers the representative elements of group I-VIII (including the alkali metals, alkaline earth metals). The non-metallic elements and elements of group IIB (viz Zn, Cd, and Hg). The chemistry of their oxides, hydroxides, halides, nitrites, and other salts will be discussed. The noble gases will be covered. The oxy-acids of non-metals will also be discussed together with their reduction potentials.
CHE 210: Organic Chemistry I
This course covers topics such as structure of some organic molecules, physical and chemical properties, synthesis of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, alcohol, amines and their derivatives.
CHE 2O5: Practical Organic Chemistry
This course introduces students to practical preparation, separation, purification and identification of organic compounds
PHL 205: Critical Thinking and Practical Reasoning
Critical thinking includes, but not limited to, variety of deliberative processes aimed at making wise decisions about what to believe and do, processes that centre on evaluation of arguments, among other. The course will integrate logic, both formal and informal, with a variety of skills and topics useful in making sound decisions about claims, actions, and practices and to make it all palatable by presenting it in real-life contexts. This course is interactive and conversational in tone and aim at helping students to appreciate how to use the tools in logic in arriving at most cogent conclusions given different issues of life.
BCH 206: Mathematics for Biologists
The course offers a foundational treatment of mathematics that is useful for the analysis of biological data. Topics are drawn from relevant areas including logic, geometry, functions, linear equations, calculus and algebra. Computation through the use of Matlab will play a central role in the teaching and learning process with applications to modeling and data analysis.
BCH 214: General Biochemistry Practical
BIO 208: Population Genetics & Evolution
Students are introduced to Polygenes and the Hardy-Weinberg law. The latter is illustrated by sickle cell anaemia, melanism in moths, drug resistance, insecticide resistance and mimicry in butterflies. The course also examines the concept of evolution and the distribution of organisms in time and space. It also reviews the theories of evolution, natural selection and evidence of evolutionary processes: fossils, geographical distribution, comparative anatomy, vestigial structures, molecular biology and embryology. The origin of Man and the future of Man on earth are also discussed.
BIO 208: Population Genetics and Evolution
BIO 212: Mammalian Anatomy & Physiology
This course introduces students to the basic anatomy and fundamental mechanisms involved in mammalian physiological functions. It includes a study of the structure and function of the organ systems involved in digestion, transport, respiration, co-ordination, excretion, reproduction, support and locomotion. Principles of homeostasis will be emphasized.
BIO 212: Mammalian Anatomy and Physiology
CHE 205: Practical Organic Chemistry
CHE 211: Organic Chemistry II
BCH 301: Intermediary Metabolism
The course covers the basics of metabolism of the energy-yielding substrates carbohydrates, fatty acids, amino acids and proteins. This includes the pathways specific to the substrates that bring about their breakdown to yield intermediary molecules. The oxidation of the intermediary molecules in the citric acid cycle and the respiratory chain will be highlighted. Nucleic acid metabolism and glycogen synthesis will also be treated. Students will be exposed to the organisation of networks of physiological reactions, the intermediary molecules and enzymes that maintain the energy balance of organism. The use of metabolism for the explanation of the etiology, diagnosis and cure of diseases will be discussed.
BCH 303: Enzymology
The course reviews the structure, function and the general properties of proteins. Chemical Kinetics: definition of kinetic terminologies, rate of chemical reactions, molecularity, order and rate constants, differential and integral methods of analysis. Zero, first and second order differential rate equations, factors affecting rate of chemical reactions will be discussed. Key highlights in this course include enzymatic proteins, the kinetics of enzyme catalysis and derivation of rate equation for single-substrate enzyme reaction. The effects of external factors (pH, substrate concentration, ionic strength and temperature) on the mechanism of enzyme-catalysed reactions will be discussed. Students will be introduced to enzyme-based assays, free energy diagrams; simple reversible inhibition; time-dependent inhibition; transition state theory; inhibition of one-substrate enzymatic reactions; allosteric interaction and the general regulation of enzyme activity. Selected methods of enzyme purification and characterization will be discussed during tutorial sessions.
BCH 305: Analytical Biochemistry I
The course aims at providing students with theory and the practical knowledge in physical methods in biology. The course begins with the general principles of analytical biochemistry but the main focus is on the physical characterization of biological macromolecules. Here, the emphasis is on the use of UV/visible, infrared, fluorimetry, circular dichroism, flame photometry, electron spin resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray diffraction, mass spectrometry and microscopy methods. The course also provides basic concepts in the application of radiometric techniques in biochemical research.
BCH 327: Chemistry of Carbanions & Aromatic Compounds
This course is designed to give biochemistry students the mechanistic understanding of physiological reactions with specific focus on metabolite and enzyme reactions. Topics covered will include mechanisms of substitution and elimination reactions of dienes; addition polymers of monoalkenes and dienes. The discussion will also include reaction of carbanions, aromaticity and electrophilic and nucleophilic substitution of benzenes and phenols.
BCH 331: Bio-Computing
The course covers current trends in bioinformatics, uses and prospects, retrieval of information from the biological database such as gene and protein data banks. Other topics include methods for sequence alignment, protein structure prediction and motif finding. The use of phylogenetic trees for assessment of biodiversity and genetic changes in population will be treated. Bioinformatics case studies will be provided for group discussions.
BCH 335: Biochemical Genetics and Biotechnology
The course covers the structure and function of genes; structure of DNA (A, B, and Z DNA); methods for sequencing DNA; DNA and chromosome structure; characteristics of eukaryote genomes; modification and processing of RNA; reverse transcription; retroviruses and the basic concepts in nucleic acid metabolism. The course also covers the handling and processing of recombinant DNA; laboratory methods demonstrating concepts and techniques in recombinant DNA and genetic modification of organisms. Application of recombinant DNA technology in medicine, food, pharmaceutical, agricultural, waste management and mining industries will be discussed.
BCH 336: General Microbiology
The course covers the fundamentals of microbiology, including; microbial structures and functions, metabolism, growth, genetics, classification, and pathogenesis; virology, principles of infectious disease; host defends and antimicrobial drugs. Microbial concepts are reinforced and expanded by students’ laboratory investigations.
BCH 337: Analytical Biochemical Techniques I
This course is a continuation of BCH 212. The main focus is on the use of UV/visible, infrared, fluorimetry, circular dichroism, flame photometry, electron spin resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray diffraction, mass spectrometry and microscopy methods. The course also provides basic concepts in the application of radiometric techniques in biochemical research. The course will also focus on detection, purification and identification of macromolecules. Chromatography, homogenisation, centrifugation methods and high-throughput separation systems will be discussed. Other topics to be covered include spectroscopy, polarimetry, titrations, colorimetry, and flame photometry.
BCH 306: Analytical Biochemistry II
The course focuses on detection, purification and identification of macromolecules. Emphasis is laid on the theory and application of diffusion, membrane filtration and dialysis (Donan equilibrium) gel permeation chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography, centrifugation methods and high-throughput separation systems.
BCH 310: Biochemistry of Hormones
The course emphasises the basic concepts in endocrinology focusing on hormones and their structure, biosynthesis, secretion, regulation and control. Other aspects of the course deal with the mechanism of signal transduction and the role of hormones in signal transduction. Also included are the methods of studying hormones and hormonal disorders. The pharmacological effects of hormones and hormone therapy will be treated.
BCH 324: Nutritional Biochemistry
The course provides students with an overview of the physiological functions and effects of nutrient deficiencies and trends in the consumption of carbohydrates, protein and lipids. Emphasis will be given to food as a source of energy; functions and distribution of minerals in the human body; dietary sources, deficiency symptoms, human requirements for minerals. Topics such as trace elements in human nutrition and requirements; landmarks in the discovery of vitamin and their functions, recommended intakes, dietary sources; effects of deficiencies of fat soluble and water soluble vitamins will be covered.